Sex ratio – Community and Social Balance
On the earth the community and social balance is due to equality in male to female ratio. If this ratio is disturbed it will create many communal and social problems. Since last few decades the number of females are decreasing and now it has reached almost in danger zone. Boys are not getting girls for their marriage. Hence we have taken up this issue very seriously. We are working since last 25 years and it still takes 30-40 years to overcome this problem.
Implications of declining sex ratio
Sex Ratio-A Global Scenario
In several Asian countries, globalisation has facilitated easy import of new reproductive technologies leading to selective abortions of female foetuses. In India and China this phenomenon has reached an alarming proportion. Sex ratios in Europe, North America, Caribbean, Central Asia, even the poorest region- sub Saharan Africa are favourable to women as these countries neither kill or neglect girls. Only in the South Asia the sex ratios are adverse for women. The lowest sex ratio is found in India.
Some important reasons for worsening female to male ratio
We live in male dominating structure of the family. Globally females get secondary treatment as compared to males, which is even more pronounced in India. The tradition of Dowry is also there. Thus, girl child is looked upon as a burden to the family and also easy accessibility to technology for sex determination at affordable prices. Leads to imbalance in males to female sex ratio.
11 Point Action Plan to improve sex ratio -
This problem is complex and complicated because of multiple issues attached to it. Hence there is no one single solution but required different perspectives in dealing this issue. We have designed an 11 point Action plan for finding solution by different four ways.
1) Deal with mindsets 2) Enforce the Law 3)Appropriate policy measures for girls and women 4) Leverage civil society/community efforts.
11 poin action plans are very simple and acceptable actions, to become a part of everyday practice. These actions are incorporated in lifestyle and cultural system of society so that society will change at large
1) Resolution in Village (Gramsabha) Meetings – Meetings of the leaders of the villages
2) The study and display of sex ratio in village – Zone Mapping
3) One Rupee Magic Scheme for school students - Celebration of birth of girl child and felicitation of Girl
4) Lakhopati Scheme in Villages
5) Mass public awareness, education and workshops
6) Renaming of Unwanted Girls (Nakoshi)
7) Youth campaign Participation of youth
8) 8th Oath / Vow in Mass Marriage
9) ANC Tracking and Mass celebration of ANC mothers
10) Enforce the Law & Govt. Scheme - PCPNDT Act etc.
11) Common Oath
The resolution to welcome girl child should be pass in Gramsabha. And appropriate committee to be form for further action. Up till now more than 2000 grampanchyat participated in this project.
The study and display of sex ratio in village – Zone Mapping
Celebration of birth of Girl Child
Indian families are usually reject the birth of girl child. They feel bad if girl child is born. To overcome this problem we started to promote the celebration the girl child in our family and community
One Rupee Magic Scheme for school students
If there is birth of girl child in family of any student, in this action plan the announcement is made in the school and all the fellow student contribute only one rupee (70 rupee = 1 Euro) Total sum amount gathered is utilized to offer some cloths and sweets to baby girl child and her mother to celebrate the occasion.
This action is help to change the mindset of student to welcome girl child and instill the culture otherwise in Indian family birth of the girl child is rejected.
Lakhopati Scheme in Villages & Colleges
Female child is taken as a financial burden on the family because of her education and marriage expenses. To overcome this problem we started this scheme
If there is birth of girl child in the family, in the village, we request villagers to contribute some amount of money so that collectively it will be 15,000/- rupees, which kept as a fix deposit in the bank for 20 yrs. So that after 20 yrs. the girl child will get one lakh rupees which will give her financial security and also this action will instill the cultural and ritual heritage too. We also take promise from the family members to say “no to dowry”
Felicitation of the family having only Girl child
In India women's are blamed if they delivered only girl child and they are not invited for any family or social functions to reverse that bad habit we are doing Felicitation of the parents who had only girl child in their family
Mass Public Education
Actually Y chromosome is responsible for the birth of boy child but in India a big misunderstanding is there, They held responsible the mother for that and torturer her badly. We herewith promoting rightly correctly mass public education with chart of chromosomes
Public Awareness, Education Workshop
We are creating the mass public awareness through many public meetings, Indian
festivals, drama, rallies, poster exhibition, signature Campinas involving
every member of society, youth, females, school girls, doctors, NGO’s,
government officers, ministers, MLA’s, media’s groups, universities, etc.
“Stree Janmache Swagat Kara & Beti Nahi To Bahu Kahanse Laoge” books are published by our trust for mass public education. Message from Hon. President of India Pratibhatai Patil, great social worker Anna Hajare & also small dramas, poems, slogans, law and schemes, 11 point action plan are included in these books.
promoting 11 project scheme for save girl child is being conducted for the
sarpanch, NSS-NCC students, NGO’s, University workshops, Appropriate Authority,
Gramsevak, media groups, IMA-Doctors, radiologist, sinologist, gynecologist,
varies women’s forum and groups etc.
Deal with mindset - Rituals and Education
Nakoshi – Unwanted girl renaming
We have notice first in 2007 in Satara Dist. Of Maharashtra that the “Nakoshi” names are given the girls- That means “Unwanted”. The most probable reasons for that are becoming called “Nakusa/Nakoshi” is that they were the second, third or fourth girl child in that family and the parents wanted a boy. They give the name “Nakoshi”
This Nakusa-Unwanted girl fills very bad, very depress, they had poor self-esteems, they think that my mom, dad, everybody in relation, even society called me unwanted then Why should alive? There is no hope in my life, slowly she grownup and get married, become pregnant in future that time this vicious cycle repeat again and again. To break this cycle. We started promoting the renaming of unwanted girls. 283 from Satara and 538 from other district from Maharashtra state renaming was very much successful. Even one lady Mayer of village (Sarpanch) named “Nakusa” was renaming as “Jayashree” in pune district. Only renaming is not enough but the education and financial and social security is also equally important. This project appreciated by Germany and California (USA). They have display the clips of this video in German Television in the show of Galileo Big Picture
8th Oath / Vow in Mass Marriage
In India seven steps are carried out in marriage ceremony by bride and bridegrooms. These steps mean the promise or commitment for happy and healthy married life. In this we introduce one more step that’s the 8th oath/vow to welcome girl child in family. This is the commitments of new pair to welcome girl child. Up till now 6000 families are participated in this project.
This concept is very much successful in society. Many mass marriage ceremonies are conducting this concept. This concept gives many many benefits. 1) No marriages below age of 19 (F)/21(M) yrs. 2) No dowry 3) No financial burden 4) Welcome girl child promise/ vow.
Antenatal Care -ANC Tracking
ANC females are target group were direct action can be taken. With the help of the Anganwadi sisters, ANM, Asha health workers ANC tracking concepts is carried out. Every ANC female is register and counseling is done. Taking more precautions about the mother who has 1st girl child.
Mass celebration of ANC mothers
We started the “Mass celebration of ANC mothers” and prepare their mind to welcome girl child.
We do proper detailed counseling with mother and other family member. Make them understand to say “no to sex determination and selective abortion” we offer them healthy food, Medicine, health support and Education.
Meetings and Workshops are organized to Enforce the Law & Govt. Scheme
The PNDT Amendment Act, 2002
“Stop sex selection” movement
With help of Indian medical association and other medical association We promoting stop sex selection movement in large scale and collaborate with appropriate authorities for effective implementations of PC-PNDT Act.
Common Oath/ Pledge
Oath brought the entire audience together in common purpose and conveys the message at large and they shall carry with them through their lives.
We have wrote, created a “Oath” to save girl child. This oath is very much popular in society. Up till now (15 lacks) 1.5 millions of peoples are taken this oath. Every public function is followed by this mass oath, All element of society, NGO’s, college students, newly married couples, even the bride and bridegrooms, female groups, Mayer of Village (sarpanch) and doctors all are participating in this program.
After lots of efforts the campaign made sufficient impact to increase number of female child. But it may take even more 30-40 yrs to restore the ratio
Hon. President of India appreciated this Save Girl Child Mission Aug 2007.